GramÃtica: teorÃa e exercicios by Paschoalin and Spadoto: A Review
GramÃtica: teorÃa e exercicios is a grammar book written by Maria Aparecida Paschoalin and Neuza Terezinha Spadoto, published by FTD in 1996[^2^]. It is aimed at students of elementary education and anyone who wants to learn grammar, clear doubts, or improve their skills. The book has a gradual and systematic approach, starting from the simplest concepts to the more complex ones.
gramatica teoria e exercicios paschoalin e spadoto pdf 34
The book covers topics such as phonetics, morphology, syntax, semantics, text analysis, and orthography. It also includes exercises for each topic, with answers at the end of the book. The book has 440 pages and is divided into 34 chapters[^1^]. Some of the chapters are:
Chapter 1: The sounds of language
Chapter 5: The noun
Chapter 9: The verb
Chapter 13: The sentence
Chapter 17: Coordination and subordination
Chapter 21: Meaning and context
Chapter 25: Text types and genres
Chapter 29: Spelling rules
Chapter 33: Punctuation
The book is written in Portuguese and uses examples from Brazilian literature and everyday language. It is clear, concise, and well-organized. It explains the rules and exceptions of grammar with examples and diagrams. It also provides tips and notes to help the reader understand the nuances and variations of language.
The book is a useful resource for anyone who wants to study or review Portuguese grammar. It can be used as a textbook or a reference book. It can also be downloaded as a PDF file from the Internet Archive[^1^]. However, some of the information may be outdated or inaccurate, as the book was published more than 20 years ago. Therefore, it is advisable to consult other sources or experts for more updated or reliable information.
One of the strengths of the book is that it covers both the normative and the descriptive aspects of grammar. It explains the standard rules of grammar that are accepted by the academic community and the society, but it also acknowledges the diversity and variation of language use in different contexts and situations. It does not judge or prescribe how people should speak or write, but rather describes and analyzes how they do so.
Another strength of the book is that it connects grammar with communication and text production. It does not treat grammar as an isolated or abstract system, but rather as a tool for expressing meaning and creating texts. It shows how grammar choices can affect the clarity, coherence, cohesion, and style of a text. It also offers guidance and strategies for writing different types of texts, such as narratives, descriptions, arguments, reports, letters, etc.
However, the book also has some limitations and weaknesses. One of them is that it does not include enough exercises or activities to practice and apply the grammar concepts. The exercises are mostly multiple-choice or fill-in-the-blank questions, which do not require much creativity or critical thinking. The book could benefit from more open-ended or interactive exercises that challenge the reader to use grammar in authentic and meaningful contexts.
Another limitation of the book is that it does not reflect the recent changes or developments in grammar research or teaching. The book was published before the implementation of the new orthographic agreement of 2009, which modified some of the spelling rules of Portuguese. The book also does not incorporate the contributions of linguistic theories or approaches that have emerged or gained popularity in recent years, such as functional grammar, cognitive grammar, discourse analysis, genre analysis, etc. 0efd9a6b88